The name of the municipality came from the word “Bogey-yas”, a popular Igorot settlement during the pre-Spanish time. The spelling was modernized and spelled as “Buguias” by Spanish authorities. Just like Bogey-yas, other names such as Loo, Tucucan, Tinoc, Buguias, Abatan, Ambuse (now Kabayan), Lutab, Karao, Bokkod, Acupan, Kafagway (now Baguio City), Benget (now La Trinidad), Mankayan, and Lepanto were popular Igorot settlements during the Spanish time.
Buguias’s Rural Health Unit is a past TYKF recipient under Project Asthma. Because it is located along the border of Mountain Province and Ifugao, patient number is quite considerable. Dr. Hilda Kimakim, Municipal Health Officer, received two additional nebulizers to cope with the demand.